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Sean Hackbarth 2014 White House Christmas Ornament Features a Coal-Fired Train

The Obama White House may think coal isn’t good enough to power our economy, but it must think it’s good enough to add some Christmas cheer.

While the Obama administration gave coal producers and electricity generators an early lump of coal after EPA released proposed carbon regulations, a coal-fired train is the star of the 2014 White House Christmas ornament.

2014 White House Christmas Ornament Features a Coal-Fired Train2014 White House Christmas Ornament Features a Coal-Fired Train

As the White House Historical Association explains, the ornament is the first to be composed of two pieces [emphasis mine]:

The locomotive is a detailed miniature replica of one of several steam-powered locomotives that pulled the Presidential Special; it is attached to the coal car that held its fuel. The other miniature car is the Superb, the president’s private heavyweight Pullman car. The last car on the Special, the Superb was outfitted with a public address system. President Harding made appearances and delivered speeches at stops across the country from a platform at the back of the car.

President Warren Harding’s transcontinental speaking and sightseeing tour inspired the design.

The ornament reminds us that just as it powered the trains that tied America together into an economic powerhouse, coal still plays a critical role in fueling America’s economy. According to the Energy Information Agency, more electricity is produced by coal (37%) than any other energy source. It’s the backbone of affordable, reliable electricity.

Electricity generation by energy source.Electricity generation by energy source.Source: Energy Information Administration

The United States possesses coal reserves that can last for nearly three centuries. The attacks on this abundant energy source by regulators will mean lost jobs, slower economic growth, higher electricity costs, and a less reliable electrical grid.

President Obama said in 2008 while campaigning, “If somebody wants to build a coal-fired power plant, they can. It’s just that it will bankrupt them.” However, trinkets depicting coal apparently are acceptable.

The ornament is a lovely decoration sure to add character to anyone’s Christmas tree, even of those whose jobs will be lost because of federal regulations pushing coal use out of the economy.

This post originally appeared on June 11, 2014.

Sean Hackbarth Keystone XL pipeline opponents on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.Keystone XL pipeline opponents on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Photo credit: Photographer Pete Marovich/Boomberg.

Anyone who has followed the six-year drama over the Keystone XL pipeline knows about the lost economic opportunities from its delay. Heck, I spent a week hearing from people living along the pipeline’s proposed route who are waiting for its benefits.

James Hoffa, head of the Teamsters, lists some of lost opportunities from the pipeline’s delay in this Detroit News op-ed:

Completing the final segment of the pipeline from Nebraska to the Canadian border would employ upwards of 2,500 Teamsters and would infuse millions of dollars into local economies. That’s not just where the pipeline is being built either — it’s right here in Michigan, where suppliers could see substantial growth.

How’s that possible? Because a project of this magnitude will require thousands of pieces of equipment like American-made vehicles to be purchased, and those vehicles will need to be kept up with new parts. Similar projects have resulted in automotive companies building facilities to service vehicles. There is no reason to think that wouldn’t happen here as well.

For communities closer to the construction of the pipeline, workers living nearby will add handsomely to their local tax bases. Rent, food and the everyday living expenses will pump dollars into the wallets of local residents. Infrastructure improvements will also need to be made as part of the project to shore up roads and improve wetland areas.

As it stands, the southern portion of the pipeline has already been completed and produced millions of hours of work and positive economic benefits for the local communities in which it was constructed. The project is a shot in the arm to many rural towns that need it the most.

In total, the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline would contribute approximately $3.4 billion to the U.S. gross domestic product. It would support a combined total of 42,100 jobs and approximately $2 billion in earnings nationwide.

There’s been an unfortunate side effect from the Keystone XL delay. It’s inspired anti-energy activists to put up roadblocks to other pipeline projects, the Wall Street Journal reports [subscription required]:

 [T]he crude-oil pipeline’s political and regulatory snarls since then have emboldened resistance to at least 10 other pipeline projects across North America. Using Keystone XL as a template, national environmental groups are joining with local activists in a strategy aimed at prolonging government reviews of proposed pipeline routes and their environmental impact.

As a result, six oil and natural-gas pipeline projects in North America costing a proposed $15 billion or more and stretching more than 3,400 miles have been delayed, a tally by The Wall Street Journal shows. At least four other projects with a total investment of $25 billion and more than 5,100 miles in length are facing opposition but haven’t been delayed yet.

The snags could paralyze some projects for years, increase the costs of those that win approval and kill some projects, though that hasn’t happened yet.

It didn’t use to be like this. As recently as 2009, the Obama administration made a great case when approving the Alberta Clipper, an oil pipeline running from Alberta to Wisconsin. Now, an expansion of the very same pipeline is one of the projects under attack by activists.

Wall Street Journal table of pipeline delaysWall Street Journal table of pipeline delays

Ian Anderson, president of Kinder Morgan’s Canadian business segment calls this a “new normal” for pipeline projects. Simply put, it’s much harder to build energy infrastructure projects in America [emphasis mine] now:

Mr. Girling [CEO of TransCanada] said in an interview that TransCanada company will no longer pursue certain planning, engineering and regulatory steps at the same time because of the opposition. It could take eight years from the project’s initial planning to the start of operations, compared with four years for the first Keystone pipeline, he added.

We can’t say we weren’t warned. Karen Harbert, president and CEO of the U.S. Chamber’s Institute for 21st Century Energy told a House Energy and Commerce Committee hearing in 2013 on the pipeline's five-year delay:

Much of our energy infrastructure is increasingly inadequate to meet current and projected demand. Providing energy is a long and capital-intensive undertaking, and new energy infrastructure projects require long lead times and massive amounts—tens of trillions of dollars over the next few decades—of new investment. Some of that investment and the jobs that go with it will never happen or go elsewhere if the regulatory environment under which companies operate is unreliable and inefficient. Regulatory predictability allows business to plan and invest with greater confidence.

Unfortunately, our energy sector suffers from a lengthy, unpredictable, and needlessly complex regulatory maze that delays, and often halts, the construction of new energy infrastructure. Federal and state environmental statutes such as National Environmental Policy Act, state siting and permitting rules, and a “build absolutely nothing anywhere near anything”—BANANA—mentality routinely are used to block the construction and expansion of everything from transmission lines to power plants to pipelines.

The Keystone XL pipeline is a symbol of a dysfunctional federal permitting process that desperately needs to be streamlined. Our energy infrastructure and future economic growth depends on it.

J.D. Foster Keystone XL Pipeline

The U.S. Senate recently voted not to overcome the Administration’s intransigency and thus clear a path for the Keystone Pipeline to transport crude oil from Canada to refineries in Louisiana. That leaves the decision with President Obama, who has managed to avoid making a decision on Keystone for six years now and seems fully capable of avoiding a decision for two more.  But what does the Keystone Pipeline mean to the energy sector and the economy?

Opponents of the pipeline typically assert that Keystone would just further entrench the petroleum-based economy for little or no benefit to Americans.  President Obama recently captured this sentiment, “I won’t hide my opinion about this, which is that one major determinant of whether we should approve a pipeline shipping Canadian oil to world markets, not to the United States, is does it contribute to the greenhouse gases that are causing climate change?”

The assertion regarding where oil would be shipped is, of course, simply incorrect.  The Canadians are not going to leave a valuable resource untapped just because Americans can’t build a pipeline. The oil is going to flow, if not to Louisiana then probably to Canada’s west coast.  And when President Obama asserts the oil would go to world markets, not to the United States, this is only true if the oil flows to Canada’s west coast.  If the oil is refined in Louisiana, the products are overwhelmingly likely to remain in the United States.

This also means the question about greenhouse gases resulting from the oil is entirely mute.  The oil is going to flow either way. 

Opponents also make the point that Keystone would not be that important to the American economy.  Considered narrowly, they have a point, but as usual they miss the big picture. The specific numbers are in dispute, and ultimately don’t matter much. The Pipeline’s construction phase will provide employment to a sizable number of Americans. When the pipeline is in operation, the number of employees will be much smaller. In a $17 trillion economy, it’s a drop in the bucket, which by the way is true of every single project currently in operation or planned.  A $17 trillion economy doesn’t pop into existence.  It is built up over time through billions of smaller projects – like Keystone.

But it is the big picture which the President and his fellow Keystone opponents miss most.  Keystone is a national symbol now built up and embraced as such by many. One group watching the Keystone drama includes the leaders of America’s businesses from largest to smallest, and the entrepreneurs with dreams, and the venture capitalists looking to fund the next big thing.  These are also the people whose defensive inclinations in light of sustained overt antipathy from Washington have hamstrung the economic recovery. The real economic power of Keystone is as a symbol to the job creators and risk takers of America that maybe there is hope Washington policymakers may finally “get it” if just a little.  The Senate’s decision, and the President’s attitude, suggests the contrary, so the recovery is likely to run in fits and starts for some time to come.  Hope?  Nope. 

Sean Hackbarth  Sanjit Das/BloombergWorkers wait to begin their shift as they stand beside piles of coal at the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) in Haldia, India. Photo Credit: Sanjit Das/Bloomberg

There’s been plenty of talk about the unenforceable U.S. – China greenhouse gas agreement. Let's look at India, a major greenhouse gas emitter with no desire to give up coal as its economy develops. From the New York Times:

“India’s development imperatives cannot be sacrificed at the altar of potential climate changes many years in the future,” India’s power minister, Piyush Goyal, said at a recent conference in New Delhi in response to a question. “The West will have to recognize we have the needs of the poor.”

Mr. Goyal has promised to double India’s use of domestic coal from 565 million tons last year to more than a billion tons by 2019, and he is trying to sell coal-mining licenses as swiftly as possible after years of delay. The government has signaled that it may denationalize commercial coal mining to accelerate extraction.

As you can see from this chart, Indian coal consumption has been increasing rapidly so far this century.

 2000-2011Indian Coal Consumption: 2000-2011

Here are two other points from the story. First, India has increased coal-fired generating capacity by 73% in the last five years. “India’s coal use is expected to more than double by 2035,” writes Robert Bryce at the Manhattan Institute.

Second, the average Indian uses 7% of the energy the average American uses. With nearly as many people in India without electricity (300 million) as live in the United States, that percentage will go up, with coal being the source of much of that electricity. “The [Energy Information Administration] projects that India’s coal-fired capacity will increase by about 100 gigawatts by 2040,” Bryce writes.

Todd Stern, climate envoy for the State Department, isn’t sure what India will do in upcoming greenhouse gas negotiations in Paris. It’s unrealistic to think that India will suddenly give up increasing power access through low-cost coal. No one should blame it for striving to improve the lives of its people, especially its poorest.

However, demanding that the United States abandon its abundant supplies of coal—like EPA’s carbon regulations will do--while competing against a growing economy like India’s is also unrealistic.

Thomas J. Donohue Thomas J. Donohue, U.S. Chamber of Commerce

Americans sent the clear message to lawmakers on Election Day that they want a new direction. The 114th Congress, which will convene in January, has the opportunity to show them that it can get things done—and do the right things for our economy and our country.

Trade would be a good place to start. President Obama and leaders in Congress have signaled that trade is ripe for bipartisan progress. Priority one should be passing Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), which would strengthen the hand of U.S. negotiators and help them get a good deal for American companies and workers.

We need to be ready for the major trade deals that are moving forward, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. These deals would boost our economy and add millions of jobs for U.S. workers—but we won’t be able to secure them without TPA. Congress must also extend the Export-Import Bank’s charter so that more businesses can sell their goods abroad.

Energy should be another area of focus. It has been one of the few bright spots in our economy. Congress and the administration should take the needed legislative and regulatory steps to produce more American energy in all forms and in an environmentally responsible manner—and sell this energy around the world.

The long fight for approval of the Keystone XL pipeline hit the six-year mark this fall. Last week the House passed a bill to force the president to authorize the pipeline, but the Senate defeated it. The incoming Senate majority has vowed to revive these efforts, and we’re counting on these lawmakers to finish the job.

Writing and passing a fiscally responsible budget would also help restore Americans’ confidence in the ability of lawmakers to govern. It’s one of the most basic but important duties that Congress holds. The next budget should lay the groundwork for entitlement reform, tax reform, and long-term surface transportation and aviation bills.

Lawmakers can smooth the way for a new direction in the next Congress by addressing some immediate priorities during the lame-duck session now under way. They should take a government shutdown off the table by passing appropriations bills to fund government operations. And they should move quickly to renew critical policies that are due to sunset at the end of the year, including expiring tax provisions and the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act.

Unless lawmakers heed the voters’ call for responsible action on the right policies, they will deepen public distrust and squander a rich opportunity to do good things for our country. It’s time to get down to business.